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Agreement for cooperation between the BRICS countries in the field of environment

Why in the discussion?
Under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister, the Cabinet has approved the Memorandum of Understanding for the cooperation of BRICS countries in the field of environment. This MoU was signed during the 10th BRICS Summit held in Johannesburg, South Africa, in July 2018.
key points
Through this Memorandum, emphasis on cooperation in the following areas:
  • Quality of air
  • water
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate change
  • Waste management
  • To implement the agenda of 2030 for achieving sustainable development and sustainable development goals.
  • Collaboration in other areas of consensus by participants.
Benefit :
  • Through the Memorandum of Understanding, long-term cooperation will be encouraged for the environment protection and management of natural resources on the basis of shared interests, mutual exchanges and common interests between BRICS countries.
  • In this system of mutual cooperation, the applicable legal provisions in the respective countries will be kept in mind.
  • Concern about the environment is not limited to just one country, but it is creating serious challenges for the whole world. Through this Memorandum of Understanding, BRICS countries with five major economies like Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa have expressed their commitment to protecting, protecting and sustainability of the environment. More than 40 percent of the world’s population lives in these countries.
  • With this, the government and private sector of BRICS countries will have the opportunity to share their best experiences, technical knowledge and ways of working together in the field of sustainable development and environmental protection.
Why in the discussion?
Under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister, the Cabinet has approved the agreement of cooperation between the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) in the social and labor sector. This MoU was signed during the meeting of Labor and Employment Ministers of BRICS countries on August 3, 2018.
key points
  • Through this Memorandum of Understanding, all participating countries, including India, provide for the protection of the rights of workers, employment and labor market policies, employment education, skill development and training, and social care, by applying labor laws, implementing and special care of the unsafe labor class. Have agreed to cooperate in the field of security.
  • Member countries can use BRICS countries’ labor research institutes and social security cooperation framework to cooperate on social security and other issues related to workers.
  • This Memorandum of Understanding is not an international treaty, so the parties concerned have no obligation to accept international laws.
What are the implications of this agreement?
  • In the period of new industrial revolution, this agreement will provide BRICS member countries with a capable work system for cooperation, partnership and better coordination for achieving equal objectives of overall development and shared prosperity.
  • It will also help member countries to implement programs related to labor and employment and social security and social concerns and share information related to them.
  • Through this, the international training center of the International Labor Organization will be able to connect to the network of labor institutes of BRICS countries. Among them, V.V. of India Giri National Labor Institute is also included.
  • Through this network, special emphasis will be on research work to provide employment to the youth and to explore new opportunities for employment.
  • Through this, the cooperation will be strengthened to find capacity development, exchange of information, virtual network and new technologies for learning.
  • BRICS’s Social Security Cooperation Framework will enhance social security cooperation among member countries and help improve relations with social security systems and social security.     
Background
  • The second meeting of the Working Group of the BRICS Countries was held from July 30 to August 1, 2018 and the meeting of the Labor and Employment Ministers of the BRICS was organized from 2 to 3 August 2018 in South Africa’s Durban.
  • In these meetings, issues related to cooperation between the BRICS countries in the social and labor sector were discussed and the draft Memorandum of Understanding was discussed.
  • In the Memorandum of the Memorandum, the objectives of cooperation in the meetings of the experts and meetings of the experts on issues related to the social issues, programs and mutual consultations related to the social and labor sector, have been explained clearly.

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