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Expo Sihak

Expo Sihak
Recently, Expo Sahak Exhibition was organized as a major activity of the construction industry at the Citibanax Center of Mexico. 45 companies participated in this exhibition related to the construction of the Indian Trade Promotion Council (TPCI) from India.
  • These companies are affiliated to various fields related to the construction industry, such as building materials, equipment, interior decoration, manufacturing and marketing of ceramic tiles etc.
  • In Mexico City, along with Expo Sihak, India also organized its major export promotion program ‘Source India Mexico’.
  • The Indian ceramic industry has made a trade of $ 1 billion 24 million 3 million dollars from exports of ceramic products within 1 year. There are plenty of business opportunities in Mexico because the exported ceramic products from India are only $ 7.38 million.

Invest India
India’s Investment Promotion body ‘Invest India’ has been awarded the UN Specialty Award for promoting investment in sustainable development. This award was given in the World Investment Forum in Geneva by Deepak Bagla, CEO of Invest India, by Armenian President Armen Circision.
  • Ministers of ten princely states and 50 countries participated in this program.
  • Under this program, the agencies of Bahrain, Lesotho and South Africa were also honored.
  • This program was organized by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). In this, Investment Promotion Agencies (IPAs) and their respective governments are honored for their accomplishments.
Background
  • Invest India is a non-profit company under the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion.
  • In the form of National Investment Promotion and Facility Agency, ‘Invest India’ is an initiative focused on area-specific investor targeting and development of new partnerships to enable sustainable investment in India.

World’s longest sea bridge
In China, the world’s longest sea bridge (55 km) has been officially opened for traffic.
  • This bridge connects to Hongqong, Macau and Juhai city of China.
  • This bridge is also seen as part of greater control over China by Hong Kong that it is notable that the Hong Kong city was returned to China in 1997 with the British colony’s commitment to protecting high autonomy and personal independence. .
  • Construction of this bridge was started in the year 2009. It is notable that the proposal for the construction of this bridge was first made in the late 1980s, but at that time, the British colonial government of Hong Kong opposed it, because it was conscious of the development that the city had towards Communist China Could have attracted.
  • This bridge is built in Pearl River Eschury’s Lingdingang Water area.

Sambalal: a folk instrument 
Sambalal, i.e. membrane or drum, is a folk instrument used during the Ghundhal puja in honor of Goddess Tuljabhavani. It is a traditional drum of Konkonis and Gondolis, such communities who sing the songs of Goddess, use this device.
  • There are two drums attached in each but there is a difference in the sound of both. It is played on a stick. 
Key features
  • These two drums are usually different in size and height. Wood rods on both sides of this device, whose sides are of different sizes and one of which is plain and straight, while the second is circular tip.
  • This instrument used to be tied around the waist (especially Ganapati immersion). The drum is played by the artists on the ground.
  • Along with the wedding and religious festivals, this instrument is also used in social programs.  
  • Sambalal is performed after every aarti in the famous Tuljabhavani temple built in the 12th century. At 5 o’clock in the morning, before the beginning of worship, devotees are informed about worship through large drums in the temple. This ritual is called Chaugada.
Why in the discussion?
Recently 3-day International Conference on Coral Reef Status and Conservation (STAPCOR 2018) began under ‘Reef for Life’ theme in Lakshadweep. It is important that national and international participants attended the conference organized by Zoological Survey of India from October 22-24.
Important point
  • The conference was organized by the Zoological Survey of India.
  • The International Coral Reef Initiative (ICRI) has declared 2018 as the Third International Year of Reef (IYOR).
Objective of IYOR 2018
  • Spreading awareness about coral reef and coral reefs and the ecosystem related to them, as well as spreading awareness about the threat percolating around them. 
  • To promote coral reef, promote partnerships between governments, private sector, academic and civil society.
  • Identify and implement effective management strategies for its protection, sustainable use of ecosystem and promote best practices.
International Year of Reef
  • The announcement of IYOR for the first time was done by the International Coral Reef Initiative in response to rising threats of Coral Reef and related ecosystems, such as-mangrove forests and seaweed.
  • The International Coral Reef initiative announced 2008 as the second International Year of Reef.
What are Coral Reefs?  
  • Coral reefs or Coral reefs are made of calcium carbonate left by the coral creatures located in the ocean. 
  • The corals are lime-dominant organisms with a harsh structure (sylantrea polepies). The colorful algae zynganthilli (Zooxanthellae), which is derived from the symbiotic relationship, is found within the hard surface of these patients. 
  • Coral reefs are considered to be the hotspot of the world’s oceanic biodiversity, and are also called oceanic rainforests. 
  • Often barrier reefs are found in tropical or sub-tropical seas, where the temperature is 20-30 degrees Celsius. These rock-murals are found a little further away from the beach, due to which the shallow lagoon is formed. 
  • Coral is found in low depth, because there is a lack of sunlight and oxygen at higher depth. 
coral-reefs
  • Clean and uncompressed water is necessary for the development of the ailments, because due to sediments, the faces of the growers are closed and they are destroyed. 
  • In addition to the osteoporosis created by the calcium carbonate of organisms called coral polyps, carbunate is also used for sediments which have been deposited over thousands of years on these organisms.
What are their usefulness?  
  • As we all know that coral gardens are the world’s second most prosperous ecosystem. It is not only a shelter for many types of organisms and vegetation but it is also used in medicines. 
  • Along with many antidepressant medicines, they are also used in the treatment of diabetes, piles, and urinary diseases. 
  • They are also used in many other useful substances, such as chinna, floral, pencil, tile, makeup etc. 
  • Approximately 64 thousand people depend on the Australian ‘Great Barrier Reef’ spread across 13,48,000 square kilometers. Australia earns $ 6.4 billion (about 42 thousand crores) of income every year due to tourists visiting the Great Barrier Reef from around the world.
What are the problems?
  • Pra Wal Island is very important from the point of view of biodiversity. But they are currently facing many challenges, including climate change, tropical cyclones, star fish. These challenges have been discussed here briefly-
  • We know that the increasing amount of carbon dioxide solution in the oceans increases the acidic acid of the oceans, causing the death of the stomach.  
  • Due to the destruction of the corrosive mining, erosion etc., also the damage to the stomach is also caused by the deposition of sediment by speedboat and speedboat. 
  • Most atolls have become distorted from external activities such as penetration, atomic bomb testing, and human activities. 
  • The water expelled from industrial complexes has become a cause of crisis for them. In addition, oil rigs, fisheries, tourism etc. also damage coral islands.
International Coral Reef Initiative
  • The International Coral Reef Initiative (ICRI) is an informal partnership between nations and organizations that strive to preserve the coral reef and related ecosystem across the world. Its decisions are not binding upon the members.
  • This initiative was established in 1994 by eight countries in Australia, France, Japan, Jamaica, the Philippines, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States.
  • ICRI now has more than 60 members including India.

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