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Government notified citizenship rules

Why in the discussion?
The Home Ministry has notified that the collectors of some districts of seven states can accept online application for providing citizenship to minorities suffering from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh living in India. Once the verification report is received from the states and the Center, they will be given citizenship.
key points
  • The Home Ministry has given powers to collectors to provide citizenship and natural certificates to migrants under section 5 and 6 of the Citizenship Act, 1955 in Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Delhi.
  • Recently, the Ministry of Home Affairs also changed Schedule 1 of the Citizenship Rules, 2009.
  • Under the new rules, it is mandatory for any person of Indian origin to declare their religion regarding the following matters when demanding citizenship-
  • For any person who is married to an Indian citizen
  • Such children of Indian citizens who were born abroad
  • A person whose parents are registered as an Indian citizen
  • A person whose parents have been a citizen of an independent India.
It is important that there is no mention of religion in the Citizenship Act, 1955. This act provides citizenship in five ways: on the basis of birth, race, registration, natural and nationalization. 
Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2016
  • The Citizenship Amendment Act was passed for amendment in the Citizenship Act, 1955.
  • In the Citizenship Amendment Bill, 2013, there has been talk of providing citizen status to neighboring countries (Bangladesh, Pakistan, Afghanistan), Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi and Christian minorities (not included Muslims), even if they have the necessary documents. or not.
  • According to the Citizenship Act, 1955, immigrants are allowed to apply for natural citizenship only when they have been staying in India for 12 months right before applying and 11 years out of the last 14 years have lived in India. In the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2016, amendment in the Schedule 3 of the Act has been proposed so that they can be eligible for citizenship at the end of 6 years instead of 11 years.
  • If the card holder violates any law, the Indian Overseas Citizen of India (CCI) card will be canceled.
Problems related to the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2016
  • This amendment considers the Muslim people coming from neighboring countries as ‘illegal migrants’, while almost all others are excluded from this definition. Thus, it is a violation of Article 14 of the Indian Constitution.
  • This bill allows the cancellation of OCI registration for violation of any law. This is a broad base in which many types of violations, including minor crimes, may include (such as parking in a no parking area).
Proposed amendment
  1. Control and Amendment: To cancel the registration of the OCI card, it is necessary to reduce the elaborate powers given to the Central Government or to maintain a balance of control and amendment by appointing a committee or a Lokpal.
  2.  

  3. Religion should not be construed as a basis: On the basis of religion only immigrants can be removed from the place of 12 in the place of 12 for six years because it is against the idea of ‚Äč‚Äčsecularism.
  4.  

  5. Refugees: In view of the international problem of refugees, it is important to look at the situation of refugees and in what situation they can get citizenship of India. It is necessary to set a clear border between the refugee and an immigrant.
Forward path
  • There should be no bias in implementing the law and every effort should be made to provide justice and freedom to all. In the past too, India has sheltered refugees who were being persecuted due to their language (Tamil in Sri Lanka). Such a minority is not included in this bill, so it is necessary to extend the scope of the law by including the word ‘persecuted minority’ instead of religious minorities.
illegal immigrants
  • According to the Citizenship Act (1955), an illegal immigrant has been defined as a person who enters the country without valid visa or remains in the country even after the visa permit is terminated.
  • Apart from this, such immigrants are also considered illegal, who use false documents for the immigration process.
Foreign citizens of India
  • OCI is such a foreigner who is a person of Indian origin. For example, they may be children of a former Indian citizen or an existing Indian citizen.
  • OCI is entitled to multi-purpose, multiple entries and a lifetime visa, which allows them to come to India at any time and for any purpose.
Citizenship by Naturalization
  • By naturalization, the Central Government can give a certificate of naturalization to any person (not an illegal migrant) if he has the following qualifications:
  • He is not the subject or citizen of any country where citizens of India are prevented from becoming subjects or citizens of that country by naturalization.
  • If he is a citizen of a country and he tries to renounce the citizenship of that country
Article 14
  • Equality before law and equal protection of law This right is available to both citizens and foreigners (except for the citizens of the enemy country).


Why in the discussion?
The fifth edition of the Indian Women’s Biological Festival from October 26 to November 04, 2018 is being organized in New Delhi based Indira Gandhi National Center for the Arts. It is worth mentioning that this is being organized by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
Objective of the conference
  • The objective of this festival is to promote biological culture and female biological farmers and entrepreneurs. Due to being the country’s largest biological festival, it proves that women are leading the biological movement of the country.
key points
  • The Indian Women’s Festival has provided a successful platform for empowering women farmers and entrepreneurs in the last four years in a forthright and beneficial way.
  • With the efforts of the Ministry, success has been achieved in promoting local communities and economy of these famous rural women by spreading awareness about the benefits of employment generation and the benefits of organic products and enriching the farmers.
  • In this festival, more than five hundred female entrepreneurs from all over the country were united with their organic products, such as cereals, rice, pulses, skin care products, garments, jewelery etc.
  • For the first time, the Food Court with ‘The Vegan Project’ and fresh dishes were also included in the festival.
Benefits from conference
  • The participants, who come from the remote parts of the country, live in Delhi during the entire period of the festival and they get an opportunity to sell their hygienic and full-featured products to people from Delhi and the surrounding areas.
  • This is the perfect example of how the festival is giving birth to revolution and making women self-reliant.
Source: PIB

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