Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary (KWS) is spread over more than 975 square kilometers. It is also the place of medieval temples, along with the most attractive biodiversity.
More than 200 species of Uttarakhand’s State Flower Rhododendrons (which are known as Burna in the local areas of Uttarakhand) are found in KWS.
The Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary (KWS) spread across Chamoli and Rudraprayag districts of Uttarakhand is home to one of the most important protected areas of western Himalayas and endangered musk deer.
KWS is a precious house of moth species, which is an important indicator of biodiversity.
The moths are widely found at different places. These destinations are from temperate, coniferous and alpine forests to alpine grasslands (Bugyal).
The moth species have been proved as the health indicators of the forest and are extremely important in the present condition of the destruction of natural habitat and climate change. Studying their ecology would be helpful in understanding the changes in the ecological hierarchy.
Migigno Island controversy
Neighbors Kenya and Uganda have been claiming their sovereignty on the island of Migigno on Lake Victoria. The area of this densely populated area is less than one hectare.
For more than a decade, the Mignino island has caused tension between Kenya and Uganda. Both countries are unable to determine which is actually sovereignty on this island.
When people started living on the island in the beginning of 2000, then on this map it was shown under Kenya. It began to attract the attention of Ugandan officials and they sent officers in Migningo to tax the fishermen, as well as to offer protection from the pirates.
Following Ugandan move, the fishermen met with the government of Kenya, and the Kenyan government took action on it and deployed security personnel in Mignino, causing tension between the two countries in 2009.
After this, Kenya and Uganda decided to make a joint commission, to determine where the water limit was, but no conclusive decision has been taken by the joint commission.
Election Bond Scheme-2012
Recently, the Government of India has notified the Election Bond Scheme-2011.
According to the provisions of the scheme, the election bond can be purchased by a person who is a citizen of India or incorporated or established in India.
As a person, a person can buy jointly or jointly with other persons in the election bonds.
Only political parties, who are registered under Article 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 (43 of 1951) and who have not received less than one percent of the votes cast in the general elections or state assembly elections, get electoral bonds Will be eligible to do.
Electoral bonds can be redeemed by an eligible political party only through an authorized bank account.
State Bank of India has been authorized to issue and issue electoral bonds in the sixth phase of sale through its 29 authorized branches (inventory enclosed) by 01-10 November 2018.
It can be noted that the electoral bond will be valid for fifteen calendar days from the date of issue and if the election bond is deposited after the expiry of the validity period, then no payment to any payer political party will be made.
The election bond deposited by a qualified political party will be credited to the account on the same day.
What is Election Bond?
If we talk about Bond, then it is a debt security. The mention of election bond was first made in the General Budget of 2017.
Indeed, it was said that the RBI will issue a kind of bond and any person who wants to donate to political parties will buy bonds from the bank first and then whatever political party he wants to donate, can give.
The political parties will sell the sale of these election bonds to the authorized bank and during the validity period, the amount will be deposited in proportion to the purchase of bonds in the bank accounts of political parties.
Importance of moth in the Himalayan ecosystem
Although Moth (Salb / Pest / Pitta) is widely considered to be only a pest, but a recent study by the scientists of Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) has shown that these pest groups are the Himalayan ecosystem In the pollination of many plants play an important role.
This study was done under the project titled “Assessment of Moths (Lepidoptera) as Significant Polnitors in the Himalayan Ecosystem of North Eastern India” and for studying under this project scientists collected samples of Moths from various ecosystems.
Analysis of a long and thread-like organism used by insects to suck the juice of proboscis, almost a dozen species of moths, reveals the presence of pollen in these insects.
This particular study is based on plant-kite interactions.
This study was done in states like Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim and West Bengal.
The largest disclosure under this study was the structure of the storm in different Moth species.
This study is also considered to be important because in it the scientists have studied the moth of new groups of pests as pollen sources. Usually bee, wasp, and butterflies are considered to be the major source of pollination.
The number of insect species found in India is approximately 12,000.
According to researchers, in some parts of the world about two-thirds of the major Moth species found in the last 40 years have declined. One of the main reasons for the decline is the light pollution (increase in artificial light in moth housing).